PHYSICAL SCIENCE


QUIZ WEEK 1: Procedures and some bell ringers
https://drive.google.com/a/tuscaloosacityschools.com/file/d/0B7WMsG0MV3vieGpzM25iQ19xWUE/view?usp=sharing



Physical Science: FINAL EXAM SPRING 2015

PERIODIC TABLE

http://s3.amazonaws.com/rapgenius/1371846764_periodic_table_of_elements.jpg


PLEASE NOTICE ==>>> Computer Lab TODAY:
Tuesday, 04/28/2015
A) Finish ELECTRICITY FOLDABLE
  • from Lab Wednesday
    • by building virtual DC (direct current, or with BATTERY...
      • rather than wall current which is AC or Alternating current)
        • 1) Build a SERIES circuit with only wire, battery, and bulb. Make sure bulb LIGHTS! You can see electrons running in wires.
        • 2) Build a PARALLEL circuit with only wires, battery, and 2 bulbs. Make sure both bulbs LIGHT!
        • 3) Try adding components like meters, more wires, more bulbs, more batteries, anything available on the simulation.
        • 4) Complete the TABLE on your FOLDABLE from the Electric Circuits Lab last Wednesday. To do this just open the GRAB BAG. Then try each thing in the grab bag--ONE AT A TIME--to see if it is a CONDUCTOR or an INSULATOR. Then write this on your foldable!
        • 5) To get all your points today, show the teacher your series and parallel circuits, and ONE thing from the grab bag that it is a CONDUCTOR placed in one of your circuits so it STILL WORKS! :-)
        • PhET Simulation Circuit Construction Kit, DC Only

B) Open this lab, and answer the questions on your own paper... using the Battery-Resistor Circuit simulation where you can see electrons going from a battery through a wire!!

File with lab questions:


PhET Sim Battery-Resistor Circuit



FROM
Monday, 04/20/2015
Click the following link and practice as many as you can.

http://education.jlab.org/elementflashcards/





From
Friday, 04/17/2015
Ionic bonds: http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/asset/lsps07_int_ionicbonding/

Covalent bond: http://www.teachersdomain.org/asset/lsps07_int_covalentbond/

http://stemsheets.com/science/periodic-table-worksheet

http://www.millcreekhs.com/attachments/article/673/Covalent-Bonding-Lewis-Structure-Webquest.pdf

Thursday, 04/16/2015
PhET Sim BUILD A MOLECULE!





Physical Science Projects


Green Glass Sea Book Study


Computer Labs

*Alabama State Course of Study Learning Objectives for Physical Science**



ASIM (Alabama Science in Motion) Flinn Scientific Student Safety Contract
  • Please READ CAREFULLY, as you are agreeing to this contract to participate in labs.
  • Please note #5: "Do not eat food, drink beverages, or chew gum in the laboratory."


CLASSROOM PROCEDURES:

click on file below for power point


CALENDAR


ENGRADE:

Please go here for grades. I will give you your individual secret access code to this in class.

EDMODO: Sign up using CODE: 35erwt

Use Edmodo for Discussions, Posts, and Reminders. It is like Facebook!



POWER POINT NOTES ON PHYSICS






STARS Physical Science:

EDMODO: If you are taking Physical Science at STARS,

Please Sign up using CODE: tsvuba

STARS Physical Science FINAL EXAM


Links for Physical Science




PHYSICAL SCIENCE FINAL EXAM REVIEW


Alabama State Course of Study-Physical Science
  • Above is the link to ALEX, Alabama Learning Exchange. Web links and lesson plans for each standard can be found with each objective on the ALEX site (click the above link).
  • Below are shown the objectives copied from the above site for easy viewing. Included in the sections below are corresponding chapters in the Prentice Hall textbook Physical Science Concepts in Action (2006) by Wysession, Frank, & Yancopoulos.
  • Click here for online TEXTBOOK and related info

  • Worksheets for Guided Reading, some Power Points, Simulations, and other resources are included below.
  • Self-Assessments are also linked directly under the objectives below. You should be able to understand each question and answer it correctly.

Science, Grade 9 - 12, Physical Science, 2005;



Science, Grade 9 - 12, Physical Science, 2015


2015: A)

Matter and Its Interactions
1.) Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties and trends (e.g., reactivity of metals; types of bonds formed, including ionic, covalent, and polar covalent; numbers of bonds formed; reactions with oxygen) of main group elements based on the patterns of valence electrons in atoms.

2005: 1.) Recognize periodic trends of elements, including the number of valence electrons, atomic size, and reactivity.


• Categorizing elements as metals, nonmetals, metalloids, and noble gases

• Differentiating between families and periods

• Using atomic number and mass number to identify isotopes

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 4 Atomic Structure

BUILD AN ATOM (Click on link then hit "Run Now")
Rutherford Scattering PHET sim


TEXTBOOK: Chapter 5 The Periodic Table

Science News on Elements
SciLinks Periodic Table
SciLinks Periodic Law
Great Interactive Periodic Tables and so on

CHEMISTRY SIMULATIONS WITH PHET


2.) Identify solutions in terms of components, solubility, concentration, and conductivity.


• Comparing saturated, unsaturated, and supersaturated solutions

• Comparing characteristics of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes

• Describing factors that affect solubility and rate of solution, including nature of solute and solvent, temperature, agitation, surface area, and pressure on gases

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 8 Solutions, Acids, and Basis

Click here for link to PhET simulations on Chemistry
ACID BASE PHET SIM
SOLUBILITY PHET SIM

3.) Contrast the formation of ionic and covalent bonds based on the transfer or sharing of valence electrons.


• Demonstrating the formation of positive and negative monatomic ions by using electron dot diagrams

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 6 Chemical Bonds

**Bonding Basics at Chem4Kids**
ATOMIC INTERACTIONS PHET SIM

4.) Use nomenclature and chemical formulas to write balanced chemical equations.


• Explaining the law of conservation of matter

• Identifying chemical reactions as composition, decomposition, single replacement, or double replacement

• Defining the role of electrons in chemical reactions

YouTube BEGINNER'S GUIDE TO BALANCING CHEMICAL EQUATIONS

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 7 Chemical Reactions
Science News on Chemical reactions
SciLinks on Chemical reactions
Element Balancing Game
BALANCING CHEMICAL EQUATIONS PHET SIM

5.) Describe physical and chemical changes in terms of endothermic and exothermic processes.


TEXTBOOK: Chapter 2 Properties of Matter

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 3 States of Matter

Related issues in Science

SciLinks on Chemical and Physical changes

Good Brief notes and examples of Endothermic and Exothermic

Endothemic vs. Exothermic

Doc Brown's Chemistry on-line, Endothermic and Exothermic (more advanced and detailed, but good site!)

STATES OF MATTER PHET SIM


Great site to compare physical and chemical changeshttps://wikis.engrade.com/science1012011/chemicalreactions



6.) Identify characteristics of gravitational, electromagnetic, and nuclear forces.


Click below for Power Point on Newton's Laws and Forces

FORCES AND MOTION PHET SIM
GRAVITY AND MOTION PHET SIM
FORCES IN 1 DIMENSION PHET SIM

7.) Relate velocity, acceleration, and kinetic energy to mass, distance, force, and time.


• Interpreting graphic representations of velocity versus time and distance versus time



• Solving problems for velocity, acceleration, force, work, and power

• Describing action and reaction forces, inertia, acceleration, momentum, and friction in terms of Newton's three laws of motion

• Determining the resultant of collinear forces acting on a body

Example: solving problems involving the effect of a tailwind or headwind on an airplane

• Solving problems for efficiency and mechanical advantage of simple machines

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 11 Motion


THE MOVING MAN PHET SIM


TEXTBOOK: Chapter 12 Forces and Motion

GRAVITY PHET SIM
FRICTION PHET SIM
FORCES AND MOTION PHET SIM
RAMP FORCES AND MOTION PHET SIM

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 14 Work, Power, and Machines

WORK AND ENERGY RAMP PHET SIM
ENERGY SKATE PARK PHET SIM



Practice Calculations:



Link to good overview of some related concepts

*Important: See Power Point under Objective 6 above


Click below for "Moving Man" PhET simulation! Try changing the variables to see what happens.
  • This requires JAVA on your computer, and may take a couple of minutes to load!


Link to all PhET simulations on Motion


Good site on Speed vs. Time graphs

Good site on Distance vs. Time graphs

8.) Relate the law of conservation of energy to transformations of potential energy, kinetic energy, and thermal energy.


• Identifying the relationship between thermal energy and the temperature of a sample of matter

• Describing the flow of thermal energy between two samples of matter

• Explaining how thermal energy is transferred by radiation, conduction, and convection

• Relating simple formulas to the calculation of potential energy, kinetic energy, and work

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 15 Energy

ENERGY SKATE PARK PHET SIM


TEXTBOOK: Chapter 16 Thermal Energy and Heat

Click below for Energy Power Point


Click below for Computer Lab On Energy, Work, & Power


Great interactive site on SIMPLE MACHINES

Click for Link to PhET simulations on Work, Energy, & Power

9.) Compare methods of energy transfer by mechanical and electromagnetic waves.


• Distinguishing between transverse and longitudinal mechanical waves

• Relating physical properties of sound and light to wave characteristics

Examples: loudness to amplitude, pitch to frequency, color to wavelength and frequency

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 17 Mechanical Waves and Sound




TEXTBOOK: Chapter 18 The Electromagnetic Spectrum and Light

Review the sections on WAVES in the Power Point under Objective 8 above

PHET Simulations on Light and Radiation

10.) Explain the relationship between electricity and magnetism.


Example: using a moving charge to create a magnetic field and using a moving magnetic field to induce a current in a closed wire loop

• Differentiating between induction and conduction

• Identifying mechanical, magnetic, and chemical methods used to create an electrical charge

Examples:

- mechanical-rubbing materials together,

- magnetic-moving a closed loop of wire across a magnetic field,

- chemical-using batteries

• Describing electrical circuits in terms of Ohm's law

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 20 Electricity


PHET simulations on ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM


TEXTBOOK: Chapter 21 Magnetism


Click for link to PhET Simulations on Electricity and Magnetism

11.) Describe the nuclear composition of unstable isotopes and the resulting changes to their nuclear composition.


• Identifying types of nuclear emissions, including alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma radiation

• Differentiating between fission and fusion

• Identifying uses and possible negative side effects of nuclear technology

Examples:

- uses-nuclear power generation, medical applications, space travel;

- negative effects-radioactive contamination, nuclear fuel waste and waste storage

TEXTBOOK: Chapter 10 Nuclear Chemistry


**CLICK HERE for Animations on Nuclear Processes**

PHET simulations on Light and Radiation

12.) Identify metric units for mass, distance, time, temperature, velocity, acceleration, density, force, energy, and power.


TEXTBOOK: Chapter 1 Science Skills